The birth of Ghana’s democracy in 1992 has led to the exchange of political power from one party to the other ever since and this has culminated in varying election results premised on several determining factors.
Before we go into the numbers as far election results of Ghana from 1992 to 1996 are concerned, let’s examine the determining factors of every election.
These determining factors are what influence the decision of electorates on who to vote for and who emerges the victor. For your information since 1992, no party has served less than 4 years.
Now these are the determining factors of elections in Ghana
The personality of the candidate
- The ethnic background of the candidate
- Gender of the candidate
- Educational Background of the candidate
- Human relation of the candidate
- Regional background of the candidate
- Religious affiliation of the candidate
- Political exposure and experience of the candidate
- Campaign message
- Standard of living
- Candidate can provide employment?
- Candidate can fight corruption?
- Education and Health policies
- Gifts from candidates or party
- Candidate can develop my locality?
- Performance of the governing party
Both the National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the New Patriotic Party (NPP) have had their turns at the seat of power with each party enjoying two terms (eight years). These parties have been led at several stages by different personalities who influenced to win or lose the elections.
In 1993, the late former President Jerry John Rawlings led the NDC to govern Ghana for 8 years (1993 – 2000) which was immediately followed by former President John Agyekum Kufuor who led the NPP to govern for 8 years (2001 – 2009).
This was followed by the late former President John Evans Atta-Mills who led the NDC to govern for 4 years (2009 – 2012) and was later succeeded by former President John Dramani Mahama who completed the 8 years (2009 – 2017).
Fast forward, 2016, President Nana Addo Dankwah Akufo-Addo led the NPP to win power and govern the party for four years. We are in 2020 and the NPP led by the same political leader will be looking forward to having the next four years to govern as it has been the norm.
Now, let us assess the election results between the two major political parties: NDC and NPP since the birth of Ghana’s democracy on January 7, 1992.
ELECTORAL VICTORIES AND DEFEATS SINCE 1992 BY PERCENTAGE
NDC – 58.3% NPP – 30.4%
NDC – 57.4% NPP – 39.6%
NPP – 48.2% NDC – 44.5%
NPP – 56.9% NDC – 43.1%
NPP – 52.5% NDC – 44.6%
NDC – 47.9% NPP – 49.1%
NDC – 50.2% NPP – 49.8%
NDC – 50.7 NPP – 47.7%
NPP – 53.9% NDC – 44.4%
One interesting fact about Ghana’s election is that there has always been allegations of vote-rigging and other election results manipulations employed by whomever to win the elections. Even in 1992, the NPP accused the NDC of rigging the elections which culminated into the 2012 election petition hearing in the Supreme Court.
However, Ghana is regarded as one of the finest democracies in the world and the epitome of modern political civilization in the West African sub-region. Aside from all these election-related disagreements and a very divisive partisan system, Ghanaians have always protected the peace they enjoy and ensured that elections do not jeopardize the stability of the country.
Constituencies and Polling Stations Data
Ahead of the 2020 election on December 7, Ghana has been divided into additional constituencies and polling centres to aid in a very generally spread electoral demographic to help the Electoral Commission (EC) carry out a very fair and transparent exercise.
As at now, Ghana has been divided into 275 constituencies and sub-divided into 33,367 polling centres.
It is clearly a two-horse race between John Mahama of the NDC and President Akufo-Addo of the NPP. While the latter will rely heavily on incumbency advantage and other policies to stay ahead of the competition, the former will be capitalizing on his track record and manifesto message to drive his message home.
Ghana Decides on December 7. Are you ready!?