List of African countries and their capitals

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My name is David, and I write with you in mind.

There are as many as 55 countries on the continent of Africa. As much as many people can identify all of these countries, it remains to be known if they know all the capital cities of all these African countries. May I ask you a personal question; do you know all the 54 African countries and their capitals?

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You must be kicking yourself right now as you probably have no idea but when asked the countries that are found in Africa, you would probably be able to tell, wouldn’t you?

Before we look at the List of African countries and their capitals, let us look at a brief history of the African continent.

African Continent

African countries and their capital
African map | Source:

The African Continent is the second-largest continent after Asia.

The African Continent covers about one-fifth of the total land surface of Earth.

The continent is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, and on the south by the mingling waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans.

According to information on, Africa’s total land area is approximately 11,724,000 square miles (30,365,000 square km), and the continent measures about 5,000 miles (8,000 km) from north to south and about 4,600 miles (7,400 km) from east to west.

The continent is cut almost equally in two by the Equator, so that most of Africa lies within the tropical region, bounded on the north by the Tropic of Cancer and on the south by the Tropic of Capricorn.

Because of the bulge formed by western Africa, the greater part of Africa’s territory lies north of the Equator.

Africa is crossed from north to south by the prime meridian (0° longitude), which passes a short distance to the east of Accra, Ghana.

The African Continent is home to several countries such as Ghana, Egypt Cameroon, Nigeria, South African Cape Verde, and many others.

There are 54 countries that occupy the continent of Africa.

It is imperative to know the list of African countries and their capitals, which is why we are here.

List of African countries and their capitals

The list African countries and their capitals
Africa | Source: UN

In this article, has taken it upon itself to bring to you the List of African countries and their capitals.

The following is the list of African countries and their capitals:

African country—--Capital Town

  1. Morocco—–Rabat
  2. Algeria—–Algiers
  3. Lybia—–Tripoli
  4. Tunisia—–Tunis
  5. Egypt—–Cairo
  6. South Sudan—–Juba
  7. Sudan—–Khartoum
  8. Cameroon—–Yaounde
  9. Central African Republic—–Bangui
  10. Chad—–N’Djamena
  11. Gabon—–Libreville
  12. Republic of the Congo—–Brazzaville
  13. Democratic Republic of the Congo—–Kinshasa
  14. Guinea—–Conakry
  15. Equatorial Guinea—–Malabo
  16. Guinea-Bissau—–Bissau
  17. Benin—–PortoNovo
  18. Burkina Faso—–Ouagadougou
  19. Cote d’Ivoire—–Yamoussoukro
  20. Mali—–Bamako
  21. Niger—–Niamey
  22. Senegal—–Dakar
  23. Togo—–Lomé
  24. Burundi—–Bujumbura
  25. Comoros—–Moroni
  26. Djibouti—–Djibouti (city)
  27. Rwanda—–Kigali
  28. Kenya—–Nairobi
  29. Somalia—–Mogadishu
  30. Tanzania—–Dodoma
  31. Uganda—–Kampala
  32. Liberia—–Monrovia
  33. Namibia—–Windhoek
  34. Zimbabwe—–Harare
  35. Mauritius—–Port Louis
  36. Seychelles—–Victoria
  37. Malawi—–Lilongwe
  38. Zambia—–Lusaka
  39. Angola—–Luanda
  40. Botswana—–Gaborone
  41. Eritrea—–Asmara
  42. Ethiopia—–Addis Ababa
  43. Gambia—–Banjul
  44. Ghana—–Accra
  45. Lesotho—–Maseru
  46. Madagascar—–Antananarivo
  47. Mauritania—–Nouakchott
  48. Mozambique—–Maputo
  49. Nigeria—–Abuja
  50. Sierra Leone—–Freetown
  51. South Africa—–Pretoria (administrative) Cape Town (legislative)
  52. Swaziland(Eswatini)—–Mbabane (administrative) Lobamba (legislative, royal)
  53. Cape Verde—--Praia
  54. Sao Tome and Principe—–São Tomé

What is Africa’s most populous nation?

Nigerian Flag Source: Amazon

Nigeria has the largest population in Africa.

As of 2020, the country counts 206 million individuals, whereas Ethiopia, which ranked second, has 115 million inhabitants.

What is the poorest country in Africa?

Africa has a lot of natural resources that indigenes can exploit and use to develop their countries.

However, many of these nations in Africa continue to battle poverty.

The poorest country in Africa based on the per capita GDP and GNI values from 2020, is Burundi which ranks as the poorest country in not only Africa but also the world.

Which is the richest country in Africa?

The richest country in Africa, based on the Gross Domestic Product, GDP, is Nigeria.

The West African nation has a GDP of $514.05 billion according to a World Population Review report2021.

Nigeria is followed closely by Egypt which has a GDP of $394.28 billion.

Which is the smallest country in Africa?

The smallest country in mainland Africa is the Republic of The Gambia.

It is almost completely surrounded by Senegal except for its western coastline along the Atlantic Ocean.

Which is the most educated country in Africa?


For years, African battled with colonialists who sought to take over their land in order to rule the people.

Colonization has had its negative effects on the affected countries but one thing that comes across as an advantage f the whole colonization process was the introduction of formal education by the colonial masters in each of the countries under their rule; as such, many African countries have had their citizens very well educated.

Equatorial Guinea is the most educated country in Africa.

With a population of 1,402,983, Equatorial Guinea has a literacy rate of 95.30%.

In this article, we did not just give you the list of African countries and their capitals, we have given you a brief history about African and a lot more things about the African continent that should give you a clear view of what the African continent is all about.

Watch the video below to learn more about the geography of the African continent:

Video credit: WORLD MAP

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