As today marks the Memorial DAY of Ghana’s First President, Osagyefo Dr Kwame Nkrumah, it is prudent, we cast our minds back to the foundation laid by this man which became the building blocks of our society.
Kwame Nkrumah’s drive for infrastructural growth and an unflinching quest to set up Ghana for development was not perfect but was a firm and solid foundation for our growth.
Today, Ghbase.com presents a list (albeit not all) of some achievements and projects by Dr Kwame Nkrumah which positions him as the most pragmatic and visionary president of Ghana since independence.
- Senior High Schools
Under the Ghana Education Trust policy, Dr Kwame Nkrumah built a number of Senior Secondary (High) Schools including:
Mfantsiman Secondary School, Ofori Panyin Secondary School, Techiman Secondary School, Winneba Secondary School,
Swedru Secondary School, Apam Secondary School, Dormaa Secondary School, Tema Secondary School, Oda Secondary School, and the Labone Secondary School.
- Colleges of Education
Kwadaso College of Education,
Atebubu Training College, Berekum Training College, Fosu Training College and the Enchi Training College, Ghana National College of Cape Coast, etc.
- Universities and Technical Institutes
Kumasi Technical Institute (now University), Koforidau Technical Institute, Asuansi Technical Institute
School of Languages (now under UEW),
Accra Polytechnic now Accra Technical University, University of Cape Coast (UCC), Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Institute of African Studies, Kwame Nkrumah Institute of Economics and Political Science (now south campus of UEW), made the University of Ghana (then University College of Gold Coast affiliated to university of London) a full-fledge university to award its own degrees and became their first chancellor, among others.
- Other Education Policies
Free education for primary and middle schools (JHS) to ensure that every child of school age had education in Ghana.
- Built the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (previously Kumasi central hospital)
- Made Korle Bu a teaching hospital and expanded its capacity by constructing the Medical, Maternity, Surgical and Child Health blocks.
- Established the Ghana Medical School
- Free Medical care to all citizens
- Established GIHOC pharmaceuticals
- Built several hospitals and clinics.
Factories and Industries
- Abosso Glass Factory
- Zuarungu Meat Factory
- Wenchi Tomato Factory
- Kade Match Factory
- Akosombo Textiles Limited
- Kumasi Shoe Factory
- Pwalugu Tomato Factory
- Asutuare Sugar Factory
- Komenda Sugar Factory
- Kumasi Jute Factory
- Nsawam Cannery, Brick and Tile Factory
- Tarkwa Bonsa Tyre Factory
- Bolgatanga Meat Processing Factory
- Bolgatanga Rice Mill Factory
- GIHOC Fibre Products Company, etc.
State-Owned Enterprises and Companies
- Ghana Black Star Line with almost 15 ships
- Bank of Ghana (BoG)
- Ghana Commercial Bank (GCB)
- Agricultural Development Bank (ADB)
- National Investment Bank (NIB)
- State Insurance Company (SIC),
- Social Security and National Insurance Trust (SSNIT),
- Ghana Oil Company (GOIL)
- Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority (GHAPOHA)
- Tema Oil Refinery (TOR)
- The National Management and Productivity Institute,
- Ghana Film Industries, Accra
- Ghana Airways Corporation
- Ghana National Trading Corporation
- Cocoa Marketing Board (COCOBOD)
- Tema Steel Works
- VALCO, etc.
State Housing and Hotel Projects
- In Accra (Labone Estate, Kanda Estates, Osu Ringway Estates, Airport Residential Area)
- In Kumasi (Patasi Estate, Kwadaso Estate, Buokrom Estates, North and South Suntreso)
- Tema Township (Communities)
- State Hotels (Star, Meridian, Ambassador, Continental now Golden Tulip Accra, Atlantic, City Hotel Catering Rest Houses now Golden Tulip Kumasi), Peduase Lodge.
- Ghana Museums
- Ghana Film Corporation
- Ghana News Agency
- Ghana Broadcasting Corporation
- Atomic Reactor Station
- Akosombo Dam
- Restructured the British Military base into Accra (now Kotoka) International Airport.
- Tema Motorway
- Tema Harbour
- Adomi Bridge
- State Farms and Institutes
For those Ghanaians and others who are still not convinced about the achievements of Kwame Nkrumah, please refer to the following list that highlights some of his vast contributions to Ghana.
1. Bank of Ghana
2. Bonsa Tyre Manufacturing
3. Cape Coast University
4. Cocoa Marketing Board (now Cocobod)
5. Cocoa research Institute, Tafo
6. Compulsory Free Education for ALL
7. Dairy Farms at Amrahia and Avatime
8. Farmer’s Council
9. Free Medical Care for ALL
10. Ghana Airways Corporation
11. Ghana Black Star Shipping Line
12. Ghana Commercial Bank
13. Ghana Film Industries
14. Ghana Housing Corporation
15. Ghana Law School
16. Ghana Medical School
17. Gold Processing Factory, Prestea
18. Job 600
19. Komenda Sugar Factory
20. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
21. National Cultural Center
22. National Investment Bank
23. National Research Council
24. Nsawam Prison
25. Okomfo Anokye Hospital
26. Polytechnics and Technical Schools in all regions
27. Social Security Bank (SSB now SG-SSB)
28. State transport Corporation
29. Trade Fair Center
30. University of Ghana (Legon)
31. University Scholarships for study abroad
This is not a comprehensive list of all the achievements and projects by Osagyefo Dr Kwame Nkrumah but they are certainly lessons Ghana can learn from this great man to propel the West African country to growth.
Source: Variuos Research Materials