Who Are The Presbyterians? What Are Their Beliefs?

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Presbyterians were formed through the writings of Scotland and the writings of John Calvin during the Reformation. In 1706, seven Presbyterians formed the first Presbyterian presbytery in America. This new Christian denomination broke from the Roman Catholic Church by John Knox who was also a priest at St.Giles Cathedral (Church of Scotland). What are their beliefs? How many members are there currently? Let’s find out.

ALSO READ: What Is Calvinism? What Do They Believe?

Presbyterian’s Beliefs; What Are They?

The following are some of the Presbyterian’s beliefs. Check the list below.

  • The Trinity – We trust in the one triune God, the Holy One of Israel, whom alone we worship and serve.
  • Jesus Christ Is God – We trust in Jesus Christ, fully human, fully God.
  • The Authority of Scripture – Our knowledge of God and God’s purpose for humanity comes from the Bible, particularly what is revealed in the New Testament through the life of Jesus Christ.
  • Justification by Grace through Faith – Our salvation (justification) through Jesus is God’s generous gift to us and not the result of our own accomplishments.
  • The Priesthood of All Believers – It is everyone’s job—ministers and lay people alike—to share this Good News with the whole world. The Presbyterian church is governed at all levels by a combination of clergy and laity, men and women alike.
  • The Sovereignty of God – God is the supreme authority throughout the universe.
  • Sin – The reconciling act of God in Jesus Christ exposes the evil in men as sin in the sight of God. All people are helpless and subject to God’s judgment without forgiveness. In love, God took on himself judgment and shameful death in Jesus Christ, to bring men to repentance and new life.
  • Baptism – For both adults and infants, Christian baptism marks the receiving of the same Spirit by all his people. Baptism with water represents not only cleansing from sin but also a dying with Christ and a joyful rising with him to new life.
  • The Mission of the Church – To be reconciled to God is to be sent into the world as his reconciling community. This community, the church universal, is entrusted with God’s message of reconciliation and shares his labour of healing the enmities which separate men from God and from each other.
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