Who Are The Sons Of Abraham Ishmael & Isaac?

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Most of us are familiar with the biblical story of Abraham and Isaac, in which God tried Abraham’s faith and his love for his son, Isaac, but Abraham also had another son, Ishmael. At first, Abraham was only supposed to have Isaac.

But he couldn’t wait for a miracle any longer since he was growing impatient with God. So he and his wife came up with a plan to conceive a child in another way.

Read Also: The Story Of Enoch In The Bible

Ishmael The Son Of Abraham

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“So he went in to Hagar, and she conceived. And when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress became despised in her eyes” (Genesis 16:4). After giving birth to Abraham’s first son, Ishmael, Hagar left the country out of fear for Sarah’s wrath. But Hagar received a message from heaven telling her to go back.

She found solace in the knowledge that her son would have numerous offspring and descendants, even though they would live in hostility to other families and nations.

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Genesis 16:10-12 states: The angel added, “I will increase your descendants so much that they will be too numerous to count.” The angel of the LORD also said to her: “You are now pregnant and you will give birth to a son. You shall name him Ishmael, for the LORD has heard of your misery. He will be a wild donkey of a man; his hand will be against everyone and everyone’s hand against him, and he will live in hostility toward all his brothers.”


Isaac The Son Of Abraham 

God blessed Abraham with a second son, Isaac a step-brother to Ishmael conceived with his wife, Sarah, fourteen years after the birth of Ishmael. In Genesis 17:17–19, Genesis 18:10–15, and Genesis 21:5–6, the Lord commanded Abraham to name his son Isaac, which means “laughter” in reference to Abraham’s scepticism when told he and Sarah would have a son in their old age and the joy the child would bring to his parents.

Jacob, commonly known as Israel, the father of the Israelites, was born to Isaac after him. Therefore, the descendants of Isaac and Ishmael are cousins. After Isaac was born, Sarah resented the presence of Ismael and Hagar and sent them away.

Genesis 21:8-13 states, The child grew and was weaned, and on the day Isaac was dishabituated, Abraham held a great feast. But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had born to Abraham was mocking, and she said to Abraham, “Get rid of that slave woman and her son, for that woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac.”

The matter distressed Abraham greatly because it concerned his son. But God said to him, “Do not be so distressed about the boy and your slave woman. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you because it is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned. I will make the son of the slave into a nation also because he is your offspring.” 

Read Also: Do Animals Really Have Souls? What Does The Bible Says?

Bible Verses about Abraham’s Sons

  • “So, after Abram had lived ten years in the land of Canaan, Sarai, Abram’s wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her servant, and gave her to Abram her husband as a wife.” Genesis 16:3 ESV
  • “Abram was eighty-sixed years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.” Genesis 16:16 ESV
  • “Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him”. Genesis 21:5 ESV
  • She said to Abraham, “Cast out this slave woman with her son, for the son of this slave woman shall not be heir with my son Isaac.” Genesis 21:10 ESV
  • The Lord said to Abraham, “Be not displeased because of the boy and because of your slave woman. Whatever Sarah says to you, do as she tells you, for through Isaac shall your offspring be named”. Genesis 21:12 ESV
  • He uttered, “Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.” Genesis 22:2 ESV
  • “By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was in the act of offering up his only son” Hebrews 11:17 ESV
  • “Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up his son Isaac on the altar?” James 2:21 ESV
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